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The Derbeian Winter 2019/20 Edition

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The Winter 2019/20 Edition of The Derbeian Magazine, a magazine about all things Derby, past and present that also doubles up as a useful, local business directory

THE

THE Derbeian | Winter 2019 The Moon-Struck The Derby Philosophers and Public Health Georgian hospitals were charitable institutions with religious and moral as well as medical objectives, intended for the ‘deserving poor’, supported by bequests, donations, subscriptions and special fundraising events, in which patients were admitted on the basis of recommendations from doctors and benefactors. Many sick people were initially excluded including anyone who could afford to pay for treatment, those with fevers, pregnant women, beggars and those who had committed offences. View of the Derby General Infirmary, 1810 Derbyshire was relatively late compared to other counties in getting a hospital and had to utilise two Derbyshire wards in the Nottinghamshire Infirmary from 1786. Erasmus Darwin promoted the idea of a Derbyshire hospital from the 1780s and helped establish a dispensary which took business from Derby apothecaries in turn which he hoped would be the ‘foundation stone of a future infirmary’. Following campaigning led by the Derby Philosopher’s the Infirmary was eventually constructed, paid for by public subscription. The fundraising drive included a balloon launch from the Siddals, which drew a significant crowd. When the balloon failed to inflate, despite repeated attempts to repair it, the crowd became discontent and only thanks to a restrained military response was disaster averted. The episode led to a string of satirical broadsides, one of which was titled ‘The Moon-Struck Philosophers’. An 18th Century Caricature of Balloon ‘Aeronauts’ by G.M. Woodward 18 | The Moon-Struck Philosophers

Winter 2019 | THE Derbeian Philosophers Technological Innovations Largely designed by William Strutt (1756-1830), the Derbyshire General Infirmary (1810) incorporated technology adapted for medical purposes from textile manufactories and we are lucky that there is a full description by the chemist and engineer Charles Sylvester in the Philosophy of Domestic Economy (1819) which includes engravings and floor plans. Innovations included fire-resistant building features such as hollow pots and iron beams, an iron and glass dome, surmounted by a statue of Aesculapius the Greek god of healing by local sculptor William Coffee, a hot air heating system and machinery for drying linen, a washing machine, adjustable beds, and a more efficient roaster in the kitchen. Automatic Flushing Toilets Miasmatic medical theories emphasised the role of poisonous emanations – or very tiny particles in the air from rotting materials – in causing diseases. One celebrated innovation of the Infirmary designed to help with this were the toilets, which used a mechanism by Strutt to flush automatically and expel smelly air each time the door was opened. Nothing is said however, about what happened to the waste once it had been flushed away – the likelihood is that it went into pits to be buried or spread upon the gardens as there was no sewerage system until decades later… Diagram of the Automatic Toilet in Sylvester’s “Economy” The Moon-Struck Philosophers | 19

Current Edition and Featured Article for The Derbeian Magazine

The Derbeian Winter 2019/20 Edition
Winter 2019/20 Featured Articles

All Past editions of The Derbeian Magazine

The Derbeian Magazine Autumn 2019 edition
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2019 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Spring 2019 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Winter 2018/19 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Autumn 2018 edition
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2018
The Derbeian Magazine Spring 2018 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Winter 2017/18 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Autumn 2017
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2017
The Derbeian Magazine Spring 2017 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Winter 2016/2017
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2016 Edition

All Past Featured Articles

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Summer 2019 Featured Articles
Spring 2019 Featured Articles
Winter 2018/19 Featured Articles
Autumn 2018 Featured Articles
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1960'S DERBY, YOUR DERBY AND FABULOUS FALSTAFF FLIES THE THE FLAG FOR NORMANTON
SIX OF THE BEST AROUND DERBY
Spring 2017 Featured Article Rolls Royce 1933 - 1960

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