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The Derbeian Winter 2019/20 Edition

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The Winter 2019/20 Edition of The Derbeian Magazine, a magazine about all things Derby, past and present that also doubles up as a useful, local business directory

THE

THE Derbeian | Winter 2019 The Moon-Struck John Whitehurst and Erasmus Darwin’s geologies With its varied landscape including limestone hills and dales, gritstone edges, its ‘Wonders of the Peak’ tradition, established lead mining industry and mineral or fossil and ‘petrifaction’ trade, Georgian Derbyshire was a stimulating place for geology. The Derby clockmaker, engineer and geologist John Whitehurst’s Inquiry into the Original State and Formation of the Earth (1778) combined Newtonian science with natural theology, biblical creation and history, arguing that volcanic forces and water had formed the landscape and its riches. 1767 Map of Derbyshire by Peter Perez Burdett Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) covered geology or ‘subterraneous geography’ extensively in the Economy of Vegetation (1791) and other works, partly because it was central to his evolutionary theories and belief in life’s oceanic origins. He described Derbyshire limestone cliffs as ‘mighty monuments of past delight’ because they were composed of shells from countless sea creatures buried over ‘millions of ages’ before being raised by ‘central fires’. Portrait of John Whitehurst FRS 16 | The Moon-Struck Philosophers

Winter 2019 | THE Derbeian Philosophers 7: Section of the Strata of Derbyshire by White Watson Sections of the Earth Derby philosophers and mineralogists pioneered the production of geological sections. Whitehurst drew some for his Inquiry (1778) and White Watson (1760-1835) of Bakewell created printed versions and others inlaid with actual rock and mineral samples. Darwin drew a schematic section of the entire globe for the Economy of Vegetation (1791) with layers of strata, central lava and volcanoes, oceans and mineral springs. Mineral trades Derbyshire mineral traders and geologists such as Watson, Richard Brown (1736-1816), John Mawe (1764-1829) and William Martin (1767-1810), supplied collectors and philosophers with specimens including examples of the famous ‘Blue John’. They also published works such as Mawe’s Mineralogy of Derbyshire (1802) and Watson’s Delineation of Derbyshire Strata (1811) and gave lectures and tours. By the 1760s Brown (and later his son) produced Derbyshire rocks and minerals in the ‘old shop’ of Derby Silk Mill with water-powered machinery and later from a steam-powered workshop near St. Helen’s house, selling them from a London emporium. A caricature of a ‘Subterraneous Tour’ by G.M. Woodward, 1797 The Moon-Struck Philosophers | 17

Current Edition and Featured Article for The Derbeian Magazine

The Derbeian Winter 2019/20 Edition
Winter 2019/20 Featured Articles

All Past editions of The Derbeian Magazine

The Derbeian Magazine Autumn 2019 edition
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2019 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Spring 2019 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Winter 2018/19 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Autumn 2018 edition
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2018
The Derbeian Magazine Spring 2018 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Winter 2017/18 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Autumn 2017
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2017
The Derbeian Magazine Spring 2017 Edition
The Derbeian Magazine Winter 2016/2017
The Derbeian Magazine Summer 2016 Edition

All Past Featured Articles

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Summer 2019 Featured Articles
Spring 2019 Featured Articles
Winter 2018/19 Featured Articles
Autumn 2018 Featured Articles
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Spring 2017 Featured Article Rolls Royce 1933 - 1960

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